Speaker:林千玉
Date:2016-02-01
view(s): 5412
  • 00:21 1.
    Concept 18.2: Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated at many stages
  • 00:02 2.
    Differential Gene Expression
  • 01:24 3.
    Figure 18.6a
  • 00:25 4.
    Figure 18.6b
  • 00:03 5.
    Regulation of Chromatin Structure
  • 00:23 6.
    Histone Modifications
  • 00:48 7.
    Figure 18.7
  • 00:26 8.
    DNA Methylation 甲基化
  • 00:00 9.
    Figure 18.7
  • 00:00 10.
    Histone Modifications
  • 00:00 11.
    Regulation of Chromatin Structure
  • 00:00 12.
    Figure 18.6b
  • 00:17 13.
    Figure 18.6a
  • 00:00 14.
    Figure 18.6b
  • 00:00 15.
    Regulation of Chromatin Structure
  • 00:00 16.
    Histone Modifications
  • 00:00 17.
    Figure 18.7
  • 00:06 18.
    DNA Methylation 甲基化
  • 00:04 19.
    Regulation of Transcription Initiation
  • 00:15 20.
    Organization of a Typical Eukaryotic Gene
  • 00:46 21.
    Figure 18.8-1
  • 00:04 22.
    Figure 18.8-2
  • 00:05 23.
    Figure 18.8-3
  • 00:01 24.
    The Roles of Transcription Factors
  • 00:01 25.
    Enhancers and Specific Transcription Factors
  • 00:20 26.
    An activator is a protein that binds to an enhancer and stimulates transcription of a gene (activator是蛋白質,但enhancer是DNA,activator會結合在enhancer的DNA序列上,啟動轉錄作用的發生。) Activators have two domains, one that binds DNA and a second that activates transcription Bou
  • 00:23 27.
    Figure 18.10-1
  • 00:39 28.
    Figure 18.10-2
  • 01:05 29.
    Figure 18.10-3
  • 02:00 30.
    Figure 18.11
  • 00:11 31.
    Mechanisms of Post-Transcriptional Regulation
  • 00:16 32.
    RNA Processing
  • 00:28 33.
    Figure 18.13
  • 00:44 34.
    mRNA Degradation 分解作用
  • 00:02 35.
    Initiation of Translation
  • 00:22 36.
    mRNA Degradation 分解作用
  • 00:07 37.
    Initiation of Translation
  • 00:00 38.
    Protein Processing and Degradation
  • 00:15 39.
    Initiation of Translation
  • 01:07 40.
    Protein Processing and Degradation
  • 01:58 41.
    Figure 18.14
  • 03:48 42.
    Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
  • 00:03 43.
    Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
  • 00:18 44.
    Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
  • 00:31 45.
    Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
  • 01:04 46.
    Figure 18.15
  • 00:00 47.
    Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
  • 00:15 48.
    Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
  • 00:00 49.
    Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
  • 00:01 50.
    Figure 18.15
  • 02:00 51.
    Slide 49
  • 00:02 52.
    Chromatin Remodeling and Effects on Transcription by ncRNAs
  • 00:01 53.
    Slide 49
  • 00:00 54.
    Figure 18.15
  • 00:00 55.
    Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
  • 00:11 56.
    Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
  • 00:00 57.
    Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
  • 00:00 58.
    Figure 18.15
  • 00:02 59.
    Slide 49
  • 00:26 60.
    Chromatin Remodeling and Effects on Transcription by ncRNAs
  • 00:08 61.
    Concept 18.4: A program of differential gene expression leads to the different cell types in a multicellular organism
  • 01:07 62.
    Concept 18.4: A program of differential gene expression leads to the different cell types in a multicellular organism
  • 00:05 63.
    A Genetic Program for Embryonic Development
  • 00:08 64.
    Figure 18.16
  • 00:15 65.
    A Genetic Program for Embryonic Development
  • 00:12 66.
    Figure 18.16
  • 00:11 67.
    A Genetic Program for Embryonic Development
  • 00:16 68.
    Figure 18.16
  • 00:03 69.
    Slide 54
  • 02:02 70.
    Cytoplasmic Determinants and Inductive Signals 從胚胎發育、分化成為個體的過程,有兩種機制可以調控 一、 Cytoplasmic determinants 胞質決定因子
  • 01:07 71.
    Figure 18.17a
  • 00:36 72.
    二、Induction 誘導作用
  • 01:03 73.
    Figure 18.17b
  • 00:00 74.
    二、Induction 誘導作用
  • 00:00 75.
    Figure 18.17a
  • 00:07 76.
    Cytoplasmic Determinants and Inductive Signals 從胚胎發育、分化成為個體的過程,有兩種機制可以調控 一、 Cytoplasmic determinants 胞質決定因子
  • 00:02 77.
    Figure 18.17a
  • 00:01 78.
    二、Induction 誘導作用
  • 00:08 79.
    Figure 18.17b
  • 00:01 80.
    二、Induction 誘導作用
  • 00:00 81.
    Figure 18.17a
  • 00:08 82.
    Cytoplasmic Determinants and Inductive Signals 從胚胎發育、分化成為個體的過程,有兩種機制可以調控 一、 Cytoplasmic determinants 胞質決定因子
  • 00:12 83.
    Figure 18.17a
  • 00:01 84.
    二、Induction 誘導作用
  • 00:10 85.
    Figure 18.17b
  • 00:38 86.
    Sequential Regulation of Gene Expression During Cellular Differentiation
  • 00:36 87.
    Slide 60
  • 00:02 88.
    Sequential Regulation of Gene Expression During Cellular Differentiation
  • 01:18 89.
    Slide 60
  • 00:49 90.
    Figure 18.18-1
  • 00:51 91.
    Figure 18.18-2
  • 00:00 92.
    Figure 18.18-1
  • 00:01 93.
    Slide 60
  • 00:00 94.
    Figure 18.18-1
  • 00:31 95.
    Figure 18.18-2
  • 03:19 96.
    Figure 18.18-3
  • 00:00 97.
    Figure 18.18-2
  • 00:00 98.
    Figure 18.18-1
  • 00:00 99.
    Slide 60
  • 00:16 100.
    Sequential Regulation of Gene Expression During Cellular Differentiation
  • 00:00 101.
    Slide 60
  • 00:00 102.
    Figure 18.18-1
  • 00:00 103.
    Figure 18.18-2
  • 00:00 104.
    Figure 18.18-3
  • 01:49 105.
    Pattern Formation: Setting Up the Body Plan 體型形成:身體組成計畫
  • 00:23 106.
    Slide 65
  • 00:51 107.
    The Life Cycle of Drosophila
  • 02:43 108.
    Figure 18.19
  • 00:00 109.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 01:00 110.
    Figure 18.19
  • 00:35 111.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:03 112.
    Figure 18.19
  • 00:25 113.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:05 114.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:02 115.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:27 116.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:05 117.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:18 118.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:04 119.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:48 120.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:07 121.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:12 122.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:04 123.
    Slide 70
  • 00:01 124.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:02 125.
    Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
  • 00:05 126.
    Figure 18.20
  • 00:11 127.
    Slide 70
  • 02:03 128.
    Axis Establishment
  • 00:45 129.
    Bicoid: A Morphogen Determining Head Structures
  • 00:46 130.
    Figure 18.21
  • 01:11 131.
    This phenotype suggests that the product of the mother’s bicoid gene is concentrated at the future anterior end (bicoid蛋白質聚集的部位,將來會發育為身體的前半部) This hypothesis is an example of the morphogen gradient hypothesis, in which gradients of substances called morph
  • 01:04 132.
    Figure 18.22
  • 00:13 133.
    Slide 76
  • 00:15 134.
    Figure 18.22
  • 00:00 135.
    Slide 76
  • 00:26 136.
    Concept 18.5: Cancer results from genetic changes that affect cell cycle control
  • 00:59 137.
    Types of Genes Associated with Cancer有兩種原因可以導致癌症:
  • 01:36 138.
    Slide 79
  • 02:17 139.
    Figure 18.23
  • 00:05 140.
    Slide 81
  • 00:58 141.
    Tumor-Suppressor Genes 腫瘤抑制基因
  • 02:24 142.
    Interference with Normal Cell-Signaling Pathways
  • 04:46 143.
    Figure 18.24a
  • 03:35 144.
    Figure 18.24b
  • 00:01 145.
    Slide 86
  • 00:38 146.
    Figure 18.24c
  • 00:14 147.
    The Multistep Model of Cancer Development
  • 00:43 148.
    Figure 18.25
  • 00:32 149.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 01:35 150.
    Figure 18.25
  • 00:02 151.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:55 152.
    Figure 18.25
  • 03:59 153.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:10 154.
    Figure 18.25
  • 00:36 155.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:27 156.
    Figure 18.25
  • 00:29 157.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:03 158.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:03 159.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:08 160.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:12 161.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:02 162.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:16 163.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:01 164.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:11 165.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:05 166.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:24 167.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:06 168.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:27 169.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:02 170.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:19 171.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:06 172.
    Figure 18.25
  • 00:00 173.
    Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
  • 00:00 174.
    Figure 18.26
  • 00:01 175.
    You should now be able to:
  • 00:00 176.
    Explain how DNA methylation and histone acetylation affect chromatin structure and the regulation of transcription Define control elements and explain how they influence transcription Explain the role of promoters, enhancers, activators, and repressors in
  • 00:00 177.
    Explain how eukaryotic genes can be coordinately expressed Describe the roles played by small RNAs on gene expression Explain why determination precedes differentiation Describe two sources of information that instruct a cell to express genes at the
  • 00:07 178.
    Explain how maternal effect genes affect polarity and development in Drosophila embryos Explain how mutations in tumor-suppressor genes can contribute to cancer Describe the effects of mutations to the p53 and ras genes
  • Index
  • Notes
  • Discuss
  • Fullscreen
Ch11 影音101完整版(II)
Duration: 1:28:37, Browse: 5412, Update: 2020-08-23
    • 00:21 1.
      Concept 18.2: Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated at many stages
    • 00:02 2.
      Differential Gene Expression
    • 01:24 3.
      Figure 18.6a
    • 00:25 4.
      Figure 18.6b
    • 00:03 5.
      Regulation of Chromatin Structure
    • 00:23 6.
      Histone Modifications
    • 00:48 7.
      Figure 18.7
    • 00:26 8.
      DNA Methylation 甲基化
    • 00:00 9.
      Figure 18.7
    • 00:00 10.
      Histone Modifications
    • 00:00 11.
      Regulation of Chromatin Structure
    • 00:00 12.
      Figure 18.6b
    • 00:17 13.
      Figure 18.6a
    • 00:00 14.
      Figure 18.6b
    • 00:00 15.
      Regulation of Chromatin Structure
    • 00:00 16.
      Histone Modifications
    • 00:00 17.
      Figure 18.7
    • 00:06 18.
      DNA Methylation 甲基化
    • 00:04 19.
      Regulation of Transcription Initiation
    • 00:15 20.
      Organization of a Typical Eukaryotic Gene
    • 00:46 21.
      Figure 18.8-1
    • 00:04 22.
      Figure 18.8-2
    • 00:05 23.
      Figure 18.8-3
    • 00:01 24.
      The Roles of Transcription Factors
    • 00:01 25.
      Enhancers and Specific Transcription Factors
    • 00:20 26.
      An activator is a protein that binds to an enhancer and stimulates transcription of a gene (activator是蛋白質,但enhancer是DNA,activator會結合在enhancer的DNA序列上,啟動轉錄作用的發生。) Activators have two domains, one that binds DNA and a second that activates transcription Bou
    • 00:23 27.
      Figure 18.10-1
    • 00:39 28.
      Figure 18.10-2
    • 01:05 29.
      Figure 18.10-3
    • 02:00 30.
      Figure 18.11
    • 00:11 31.
      Mechanisms of Post-Transcriptional Regulation
    • 00:16 32.
      RNA Processing
    • 00:28 33.
      Figure 18.13
    • 00:44 34.
      mRNA Degradation 分解作用
    • 00:02 35.
      Initiation of Translation
    • 00:22 36.
      mRNA Degradation 分解作用
    • 00:07 37.
      Initiation of Translation
    • 00:00 38.
      Protein Processing and Degradation
    • 00:15 39.
      Initiation of Translation
    • 01:07 40.
      Protein Processing and Degradation
    • 01:58 41.
      Figure 18.14
    • 03:48 42.
      Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
    • 00:03 43.
      Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
    • 00:18 44.
      Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
    • 00:31 45.
      Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
    • 01:04 46.
      Figure 18.15
    • 00:00 47.
      Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
    • 00:15 48.
      Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
    • 00:00 49.
      Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
    • 00:01 50.
      Figure 18.15
    • 02:00 51.
      Slide 49
    • 00:02 52.
      Chromatin Remodeling and Effects on Transcription by ncRNAs
    • 00:01 53.
      Slide 49
    • 00:00 54.
      Figure 18.15
    • 00:00 55.
      Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
    • 00:11 56.
      Concept 18.3: Noncoding RNAs play multiple roles in controlling gene expression
    • 00:00 57.
      Effects on mRNAs by MicroRNAs and Small Interfering RNAs
    • 00:00 58.
      Figure 18.15
    • 00:02 59.
      Slide 49
    • 00:26 60.
      Chromatin Remodeling and Effects on Transcription by ncRNAs
    • 00:08 61.
      Concept 18.4: A program of differential gene expression leads to the different cell types in a multicellular organism
    • 01:07 62.
      Concept 18.4: A program of differential gene expression leads to the different cell types in a multicellular organism
    • 00:05 63.
      A Genetic Program for Embryonic Development
    • 00:08 64.
      Figure 18.16
    • 00:15 65.
      A Genetic Program for Embryonic Development
    • 00:12 66.
      Figure 18.16
    • 00:11 67.
      A Genetic Program for Embryonic Development
    • 00:16 68.
      Figure 18.16
    • 00:03 69.
      Slide 54
    • 02:02 70.
      Cytoplasmic Determinants and Inductive Signals 從胚胎發育、分化成為個體的過程,有兩種機制可以調控 一、 Cytoplasmic determinants 胞質決定因子
    • 01:07 71.
      Figure 18.17a
    • 00:36 72.
      二、Induction 誘導作用
    • 01:03 73.
      Figure 18.17b
    • 00:00 74.
      二、Induction 誘導作用
    • 00:00 75.
      Figure 18.17a
    • 00:07 76.
      Cytoplasmic Determinants and Inductive Signals 從胚胎發育、分化成為個體的過程,有兩種機制可以調控 一、 Cytoplasmic determinants 胞質決定因子
    • 00:02 77.
      Figure 18.17a
    • 00:01 78.
      二、Induction 誘導作用
    • 00:08 79.
      Figure 18.17b
    • 00:01 80.
      二、Induction 誘導作用
    • 00:00 81.
      Figure 18.17a
    • 00:08 82.
      Cytoplasmic Determinants and Inductive Signals 從胚胎發育、分化成為個體的過程,有兩種機制可以調控 一、 Cytoplasmic determinants 胞質決定因子
    • 00:12 83.
      Figure 18.17a
    • 00:01 84.
      二、Induction 誘導作用
    • 00:10 85.
      Figure 18.17b
    • 00:38 86.
      Sequential Regulation of Gene Expression During Cellular Differentiation
    • 00:36 87.
      Slide 60
    • 00:02 88.
      Sequential Regulation of Gene Expression During Cellular Differentiation
    • 01:18 89.
      Slide 60
    • 00:49 90.
      Figure 18.18-1
    • 00:51 91.
      Figure 18.18-2
    • 00:00 92.
      Figure 18.18-1
    • 00:01 93.
      Slide 60
    • 00:00 94.
      Figure 18.18-1
    • 00:31 95.
      Figure 18.18-2
    • 03:19 96.
      Figure 18.18-3
    • 00:00 97.
      Figure 18.18-2
    • 00:00 98.
      Figure 18.18-1
    • 00:00 99.
      Slide 60
    • 00:16 100.
      Sequential Regulation of Gene Expression During Cellular Differentiation
    • 00:00 101.
      Slide 60
    • 00:00 102.
      Figure 18.18-1
    • 00:00 103.
      Figure 18.18-2
    • 00:00 104.
      Figure 18.18-3
    • 01:49 105.
      Pattern Formation: Setting Up the Body Plan 體型形成:身體組成計畫
    • 00:23 106.
      Slide 65
    • 00:51 107.
      The Life Cycle of Drosophila
    • 02:43 108.
      Figure 18.19
    • 00:00 109.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 01:00 110.
      Figure 18.19
    • 00:35 111.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:03 112.
      Figure 18.19
    • 00:25 113.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:05 114.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:02 115.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:27 116.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:05 117.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:18 118.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:04 119.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:48 120.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:07 121.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:12 122.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:04 123.
      Slide 70
    • 00:01 124.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:02 125.
      Genetic Analysis of Early Development: Scientific Inquiry
    • 00:05 126.
      Figure 18.20
    • 00:11 127.
      Slide 70
    • 02:03 128.
      Axis Establishment
    • 00:45 129.
      Bicoid: A Morphogen Determining Head Structures
    • 00:46 130.
      Figure 18.21
    • 01:11 131.
      This phenotype suggests that the product of the mother’s bicoid gene is concentrated at the future anterior end (bicoid蛋白質聚集的部位,將來會發育為身體的前半部) This hypothesis is an example of the morphogen gradient hypothesis, in which gradients of substances called morph
    • 01:04 132.
      Figure 18.22
    • 00:13 133.
      Slide 76
    • 00:15 134.
      Figure 18.22
    • 00:00 135.
      Slide 76
    • 00:26 136.
      Concept 18.5: Cancer results from genetic changes that affect cell cycle control
    • 00:59 137.
      Types of Genes Associated with Cancer有兩種原因可以導致癌症:
    • 01:36 138.
      Slide 79
    • 02:17 139.
      Figure 18.23
    • 00:05 140.
      Slide 81
    • 00:58 141.
      Tumor-Suppressor Genes 腫瘤抑制基因
    • 02:24 142.
      Interference with Normal Cell-Signaling Pathways
    • 04:46 143.
      Figure 18.24a
    • 03:35 144.
      Figure 18.24b
    • 00:01 145.
      Slide 86
    • 00:38 146.
      Figure 18.24c
    • 00:14 147.
      The Multistep Model of Cancer Development
    • 00:43 148.
      Figure 18.25
    • 00:32 149.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 01:35 150.
      Figure 18.25
    • 00:02 151.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:55 152.
      Figure 18.25
    • 03:59 153.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:10 154.
      Figure 18.25
    • 00:36 155.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:27 156.
      Figure 18.25
    • 00:29 157.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:03 158.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:03 159.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:08 160.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:12 161.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:02 162.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:16 163.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:01 164.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:11 165.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:05 166.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:24 167.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:06 168.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:27 169.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:02 170.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:19 171.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:06 172.
      Figure 18.25
    • 00:00 173.
      Inherited Predisposition 遺傳性易致因子and Other Factors Contributing to Cancer
    • 00:00 174.
      Figure 18.26
    • 00:01 175.
      You should now be able to:
    • 00:00 176.
      Explain how DNA methylation and histone acetylation affect chromatin structure and the regulation of transcription Define control elements and explain how they influence transcription Explain the role of promoters, enhancers, activators, and repressors in
    • 00:00 177.
      Explain how eukaryotic genes can be coordinately expressed Describe the roles played by small RNAs on gene expression Explain why determination precedes differentiation Describe two sources of information that instruct a cell to express genes at the
    • 00:07 178.
      Explain how maternal effect genes affect polarity and development in Drosophila embryos Explain how mutations in tumor-suppressor genes can contribute to cancer Describe the effects of mutations to the p53 and ras genes
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    Folder name
    大學-先備知識
    Uploaded by
    林千玉
    Division
    藥學系
    Create
    2016-02-01 00:00:00
    Update
    2020-08-23 10:06:05
    Browse
    5,412
    Duration
    1:28:37